Year 4

Unit 2 – Rhythm and Tempo

Activity 1 – Let’s revise the following rhythms

Students will revise the crotchet, minim and quavers studied in Year 3. They will revise reading these notes in groups and patterns, using the given set of flashcards and others created by the teacher. Remember to count steadily 1, 2 , 3, 4 at the start of the exercise. An emphasis will be made on the student’s aural development, not only music theory knowledge as is traditionally taught.

The teacher can choose to clap one of the rhythms and ask the children to identify the rhythm.


Activity 2 – Let’s organise our notes into bars

Students will be introduced to time-signatures of 2-beats in a bar and 3-beats in a bar. They will be guided to create rhythmic patterns in these time-signatures and to improvise rhythms to a given introduction.


Activity 3 – The Bar-Line and the Stave

Music is written on 5 lines. These five lines are called a Stave.
The time-signature at the beginning of the stave indicates the quality and number of beats in each bar.
All the rhythmic pattens in each bar should having the same number of beats as indicated in the time-signature.
These rhythmic patterns are divided by bar-lines. These are there to organise our music. When we see a bar-line we should move on to the next pattern without stopping.
At the end of the music, we use a double bar-line, indicating that the music stops there.

2-beat rhythmic patterns . . . count 1, 2 before starting the exercise.

3-beat thythmic patterns . . . count 1, 2, 3 before starting the exercise.

4-beat rhythmic patterns . . . count 1, 2, 3, 4 before starting the exercise.


Activity 4 – Rhythmic Improvisation

The children will be given rhythmic patterns in different time-signatures. In each exercise, two complete bars will be given. The children will be asked to improvise the last 2 bars using any percussion instrument of their choice. These should not be an echo of the first 2 bars, so avoid too many repetitions! After that, the children will be asked to write down this rhythm in the space provided.


Activity 5 – Rests

Students will be introduced to the rest, and they will practice rests equivalent to all the notes they studied. Rests and notes will be combined and students will read, improvise and compose rhythmic patterns in 2 and 3 time. The teacher is encouraged to provide more challenging rhythms in the music the children are playing on the recorder, as well as to make children aware of the rhythms they are singing.

The teacher can choose to clap one of the rhythms and ask the children to identify the rhythm.